Public debate about immigration consistently overlooks the economic contributions of undocumented immigrants. This proves true especially on the topic of taxes—and particularly taxes at the state level. The truth is that undocumented immigrants living in the United States pay billions of dollars each year in state and local taxes.

The Institute on Taxation & Economic Policy (ITEP) released a report that reveals the math: Undocumented immigrants in all 50 states contribute an estimated $11.74 billion each year in sales, property, and income taxes. What’s more, if undocumented immigrants already living in the United States were permitted to earn citizenship through policy reform, they would contribute an additional $2.18 billion annually.

It goes without saying that if undocumented immigrants are deported en masse, state and local revenues would take a substantial hit. Our infographic breaks down the numbers.